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Beijing Tour Guide

·       Beihai Park
·       Beijing Airport
·    Beijing Antiques Market
·      
Beijing Attractions
·      
Beijing Bus
·
       Beijing Cuisine
·       Beijing Districts & Counties
·       Beijing Ditan Park
·       Beijing Facts
·       Beijing Driver's License
·       Beijing Foreign Embassies
·       Beijing Geography
·       Beijing History
·       Beijing Houhai Lake
·       Beijing Hot Spring Resorts
·
       Beijing Map and Population
·       Beijing Night Entertainment
·       Beijing Olympic Site
·       Beijing Planetarium
·       Beijing Purple Bamboo Park
·
       Beijing Railway
·       Beijing Restaurant
·       Beijing Ring Road
·      Beijing Ritan Park
·       Beijing Shopping
·       Beijing Subway System
·       Beijing Shopping
·       Beijing Taxi
·      
Beijing Temple
·       Beijing Tourism
·      
Beijing Traffic
·       Beijing transportation
·      
Beijing Travel Tips
·       Beijing University
·      
Beijing Weather
·       Beijing Zoo and Aquarium
·       Capital Museum
·       Drum and Bell Towers
·       Forbidden City
·       Ming Tombs
·       Summer Palace
·       Temple of Heaven
·       Tiananmen Square
·       Temple of Confucius
·      Prince Gong's Mansion
·
       Yonghe Lama Temple
·
       798 Art Zone


Beijing Tour Guide: History

 

Beijing is one of the four ancient cities of China (together with Xian, Luoyang, Nanjing), the best preserved, and famous around the world. Beijing is also known as a cradle of humanity. As early as 700,000 years ago, Peking Man lived in Zhoukoudian area of Beijing.

Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago and was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC - 771 BC). Ever since Emperor Qin united China in 221 BC, Beijing has played an important role in north China. It was the capital city in the Liao (916-1125), Jin (1115-1234), Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. During these 800 years, 34 emperors lived and ruled here. The world renowned Forbidden City was built during this period. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, World War I broke out. Beijing became the focus of invaders. The war disrupted the society. Many residences of royal families were robbed and burned down. After that, the whole country was reduced to the status of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. It wasn't until October 1st, 1949 that the People's Republic of China was founded. Beijing is known as the capital city of the prosperous new country which has flared into importance in Asia.

Beijing Roast Duck

It is said that there are two things that you must do when visiting Beijing: One is to enjoy the roast duck and the other is to take a stroll on the Great Wall. There is simply quite nothing like a perfectly roasted duck with bronzed crispy skin and tender, succulent meat. There are literally dozens of restaurants that serve this famous dish, but perhaps the best known are Quanjude and Bianyifang.

Here is a snapshot of the major events in Beijing's history:

Time Used Name Event
1045BC (Western Zhou) Jin City Pioneer city of China
226BC (Qin Dynasty) Jin City Emperor Qin attacked Jin successfully
581-618 (Sui Dynasty) Zhuo Shire Population over 130,000
618-907 (Tang Dynasty) Youzhou Military center and business center
916-1125 (Liao Dynasty) Nanjing As accompanying capital (now in Xicheng District)
1153 (Jin Dynasty) Zhongdu Occupied by a minority group in northeast China
1215 (Yuan Dynasty) Yanjing Occupied by Mongolia leader Genghis khan
1272 (Yuan Dynasty) Dadu As capital city of a united country for the first time
1368 (Ming Dynasty) Beiping Ming Dynasty established
1403 (Ming Dynasty) Beijing Emperor Yongle changed the name to Beijing
1406 (Ming Dynasty) Beijing Began to built Forbidden City
1421 (Ming Dynasty) Beijing Move to new site (now in Beijing City center)
1564 (Ming Dynasty) Beijing Central part of Beijing city now has formed
1644 (Qing Dynasty) Beijing Qing Dynasty established
1860 (Qing Dynasty) Beijing Yuanmingyuan was burnt down by invaders
1900 (Qing Dynasty) Beijing Eight-nation Allied Forces occupied Beijing
1912 (Qing Dynasty) Beijing Last emperor Puyi was forced to abdicate the crown
1937 Beijing War of Resistance against Japan broke out
1945 Beiping Civil war between two fictions broke out
1949 Beijing The People's Republic of China was founded

Check our Beijing Bus Tour Programs. You can tour Beijing with our group bus tour programs for various routes.
Learn more about Beijing private and non-private tours.

 


 

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