Inner Mongolia Tour of
Genghis Khan’s Mausoleum
Genghis Khan is a Mongolian hero. He reunified the
chaotic Inner Mongolia prairie and led his people to be a great
civilization. He made great contributions to the founding of the
powerful Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and the unification of China which
enhanced greatly the interactions of the peoples of China. Due to
this great feat, he was named 'Genghis Khan' by Mongolian tribes,
meaning 'powerful king' in Mongolian. Today, Genghis Khan is still
worshipped and remembered by his people.
The present Genghis Khan's Mausoleum was built in 1954
in Erdos City, Inner Mongolia, about 185 km (around 115 miles) from
Baotou City. Most people, however, believe that this mausoleum is
not where he was really buried but is rather a gathering place for
Mongolians to offer sacrifice to the spirit of Genghis Khan. Whether
this is true or not, Genghis Khan's Mausoleum remains a sacred place
with great significance for Mongolian people.
The main structures of the mausoleum are three grand
halls, which are shaped like Mongolian yurts, and the corridors
which link the three halls. In the middle is the Main Hall, which is
also the Memorial Hall. In the center of this stands a white marble
statue of Genghis Khan with a height of over 4 meters (around 13
feet). Behind the statue is the map of the vast territory of the
Yuan Dynasty. On either side of the Main Hall are the East Hall and
the West Hall. In the East Hall, coffins of one of Genghis Khan's
wives and his fourth son are laid. In the West Hall, Genghis Khan's
arms are exhibited. Along the corridors frescos depict the life of
Genghis Khan and the great deeds of his grandson-Kubla Khan, who was
as great as his grandfather.
In the hall behind the Main Hall there are four biers
covered with bright yellow satin. They are said to be the coffins of
Genghis Khan and his three wives. There are also two coffins of
Genghis Khan's brothers.
In addition, tourists can taste delicious Mongolian
barbecue, and enjoy a Mongolian-style dance and horse performance.
You can even take part in the dance, horse riding, arrow shooting,
and wrestling. All these activities enhance the tourists' travel
Tour Inner Mongolia
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