The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Bordering to the north with both the Republic of Mongolia and
Russia, is the widest province in China. The Province has a peculiar
natural scenery, long history and brilliant culture, and the most
attractive places of historic interests include the Wudangzhao
Monastery in Baotou, a vast complex and used to be the residence of
the highest ranking lama, Dazhao Temple, one of the biggest and
best-preserved temples in Hohhot, Wanbu Huayanjin Pagoda, also
called the White Pagpda, used to be a place where nearly ten
thousand volumes of Huayan Scripture, and much more. However, what
is most impressive about the region should be the natural beauty:
vast grasslands, the mushroom-like yurts, bright sky, fresh air,
rolling grass and the flocks and herds moving like white clouds on
the remote grassland. Besides, the most famous and visited deserts
in this region are the Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert and
Kubuqi Desert, and the tourists can enjoy the graceful Mongolian
singing and dancing, horse and camel riding, rodeo competitions,
archery, the traditional family lifestyle.
Inner Mongolia is largely steppe country that
becomes increasingly arid toward the Gobi Desert in the west. The
climate is continental with cold dry winters and hot summers.
Stockraising, mainly of sheep, goats, horses, and camels, is a major
occupation; wool, hides, and skins are important exports. Rainfall
is scanty, but irrigation makes agriculture possible, and much
grazing land has been converted to raising spring wheat. The main
farming areas are in the bend of the Huang He (Yellow River) and in
the Hohhot plains.
The Mongols of China are concentrated in the Inner Mongolian
Autonomous Region, but there has been much Chinese immigration and
the Mongols now comprise less than 20% of the population. The
Chinese live mostly in the farming areas. Many of the traditionally
nomadic Mongols have settled in permanent homes as their pastoral
economy was collectivized. Inner Mongolian Univ. is in Hohhot.
Hohhot and China Historical Sites
Hohhot (meaning "green city") is capital of Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region. Hohhot Airport, 18km from downtown, operates
regular flights to and from Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenzhen
Wuhan and Shijiazhuang. The local railway station runs fast through
trains to many major cities in China and international trains bound
for Moscow and Ulan Bator.
The big temple, known as 1h Ju Zhao in Mongolian, was first built in
1579, or 7th year of Wanli reign of the Ming, and is the top ranking
and most influential of all the 15 lamaseries in Hohhot.
The Great Mosque
Built in 1693 (32nd year of the Kangxi Reign of the Qing), the
mosque is Hohhot's oldest and largest Moslem establishment, which
features a typical Arabian dome and elaborate carvings. During
Ramandan (fasting month). Local Muslims are allowed to mount the
building to marvel at the moon.
Also known as Sarira Pagoda of Diamond Throne, Five-Pagoda Temple
was built in 1732, the 10th year of Yongzheng Reign of the Qing, a
16-metre-high structure consisting of five tiny pagodas that are
elevated atop a Diamond Throne. It is also known as "Thousand Buddha
Pagoda" for the 1,560 relief sculptures of Buddhas carved into the
Gegentala means “bright pastureland” or
“a camping area in summer or summer resorts” in Mongolian. The
Gegentala grassland is located (90 miles) north of Hohhot. Due to
its smooth and vast land, Gegentala grassland is a natural grazing
ground for livestocks.
Inner Mongolia tourist
Khan's Mausoleum Wanbu
Dazhao Temple Zhaojun Tomb Xilamuren