Nanjing (Nanking) City Tour Package
While Xuyuan Garden in
Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province covers an area only a little more
than four acres, it occupies an important place in Chinese history.
Despite its relatively small size, it is also renowned for its
unique southern China gardening style. It is located at No. 292 on
Built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Xuyuan
Garden derives its name from a prince, Zhu Gaoxu, who once lived
there. Later the garden became the residence for the governors of
Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. Xuyuan is also known as West Garden
for it was located west of the palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
(1851-1864). The kingdom was established by a peasant leader, Hong
Xiuquan, who then proclaimed himself the king. The garden later
served as the presidential mansion of Sun Yat-sen, the Interim
President of the Republic of China (1912-1949). Visitors will find
that Xuyuan Garden is the epitome of the modern history of China.
Xuyuan's scenery is definitely worth viewing especially
because of the garden's historical significance. It is one of the
two most famous gardens in Nanjing City, the other being Zhanyuan
Garden. With water covering about half an acre of its total area,
Xuyuan Garden is small, but exquisite. Its architecture is rather
ingenious, exhibiting the unique beauty and charm of southern
gardening. One of the most popular spots in the garden is Buji Zhou,
a handcrafted stone boat. Other attractions include Tongyin Guan;
Xijia Lou; Wangfei Pavilion and Yuanyang Pavilion.
Buji Zhou was built in 1746 by Yin Jishan, the governor
of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. This stone boat has become the
symbol of Xuyuan Garden. It is made of marble and is 14.5 meters
(about 47 feet) long, 4.6 meters (about 15 feet) wide and 2.7 meters
(about 9 feet) high. Its roof is covered by yellow glazed tiles. Its
brick railings are inscribed with many fine colored pictures on two
sides of the boat. The boat is divided into front and back cabins.
There is a stone walkway providing access to the vessel. The boat
was named and personally inscribed by Emperor Qianlong of the Qing
Dynasty (1644-1911) while he was on a tour of southern China. Buji
Zhou has two meanings - one relating to the banks of the lake where
it sits; the other, a belief that the nation can only enjoy
permanent stability when supported by the masses. When the breezes
blow in Xuyuan, the surface of the lake ripples giving the
impression that the boat is floating over the waves.