national, historical city of Dunhuang is a renowned tourist city
famous for the Mogao Caves. It is situated in the common boundary of
Gansu Province, Qinghai Province and Xinjiang Province. Dunhuang,
long ago referred to as 'Sha Zhou' (beautiful desert oasis), was the
hub of middle and eastern silk routes in ancient times. The city
landmark is an attractive statue, the idea of which comes from the
mural in Mogao Caves, a shrine to the culture and arts of Dunhuang.
From Mt.Qilian in the south, Mt. Mazong in the north and desert from
east to west, the landform of Dunhuang City is a declining
basin-plain from west to northeast, high in the north and south, and
low in the middle. The western cities of China, especially those in
the desert, are known for their sandstorms, so tourists should
protect themselves with glasses, hats and gauze kerchiefs, etc.
In ancient times, Dunhuang was the center of trade between China and
its western neighbors. At that time, it was the most westerly
frontier military garrison in China. With the flourishing of trade
along the Silk Road, Dunhuang was prompted to become the most open
area in international trade in Chinese history. It provided the only
access westward for the Chinese Empire and eastward for western
nationalities. Today, as a reminder of this historical area, we are
left with the Mogao Caves, Yangguan Pass, Yumenguan Pass and many
wonderful Chinese poems depicting the time. Although what remains of
the two Passes are crumbling walls, one can still experience the
atmosphere of that time while visiting in person.
Today, Dunhuang is a typical tourist city, clean and beautiful.
Because of its splendid stone caves, tourism has become an
indispensable industry to Dunhuang City. Surrounding establishments
include various classes of hotels and restaurants for your choosing.
As well, tourism personnel are knowledgeable and well trained these
days. For a western city in China, it has become more accesible for
people to come and go as they please. Transportation is much more
efficient, ensuring that your wonderful trip runs smoothly. May to
September is the best time to visit, so be sure to plan your trip
during these months. Including Dunhuang City in your tour is a
decision you won't regret!
Dunhuang City, an obvious pearl on the Silk Road, opens her arms to
welcome tourists from all over the world.